Special Report: Walkable Streets

Complete Streets Presentation for SPN Workshop

Our streets are our collective property, our shared public resource. Ultimately, we can choose to do what we want with them.

By Ryan McGreal
Published October 02, 2015

This article has been updated.

This article is adapted from my speaking notes for last night's Complete Streets Workshop, organized by the Hamilton Sustainability Professionals Network.

Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.
— Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities

To put it simply, a complete street is a street that has been designed with every road user in mind. Complete streets are designed to make space for everyone, not just people in cars. They are designed to give people choices in how to get around.

Complete streets bring people into contact - safely. When two people in cars come into contact, that's a collision. But when two people on foot come into contact, that's a stop-and-chat.

Fundamentally, complete streets seek a better balance between the various uses people have for streets, including various ways of moving around.

It's unfortunate that we use the term "complete streets" for this, because it conjures up some massive, over-engineered street that has been crammed with every transportation mode, lane after lane. Can you imagine how hard it would be to cross a street like that?

I tend to prefer the term "inclusive streets" - streets designed to include everyone, not just people in cars.

The way to make a given street more complete or inclusive will depend on the local context: how big is the street, how much vehicle traffic does it carry, what are the shapes and uses of the buildings around it, what connections does it make to other streets, and so on.

But when you're taking a street that is currently automobile-dominated and making it more complete, that usually - though not always - means taking some space away from automobiles and using it for something else: walking, biking, public transit, parking, plants, trees, seating, and so on.

Safer For All Road Users

We have to ask: why does this matter? Why should we care about how complete or inclusive our streets are? There are lots of important reasons:

But for me the most important factor is straight-up safety: complete streets are designed to reduce dangerous vehicle speeds and that makes them safer for everyone, including people in cars.

The kinetic energy of a moving vehicle is an exponential function of its speed. Go twice as fast and your car has four times as much energy. Go four times as fast and your car has 16 times as much energy.

Here's how that plays out in terms of what happens when a driver collides with a pedestrian:

SpeedRisk of Pedestrian Death
32 km/h (20 mph)5%
48 km/h (30 mph)45%
64 km/h (40 mph)85%

So when you reduce dangerous vehicle speeds, you reduce the chance that a collision will cause serious injury or death. In fact, braking distance is also an exponential function of speed, so when you reduce vehicle speeds you also reduce the chance that a collision will happen in the first place.

Unfortunately, the way we engineer arterial streets in Hamilton is to design them for a running speed of 70-100 km/h. You start to get a sense of why Hamilton is the second most dangerous city in Ontario for pedestrians (behind Windsor).

I'll show some photos of those Hamilton streets below. But first I want to show some examples of complete street redesigns.

Before and After

While preparing this talk I came across an awesome website. As you know, Google drives a car up and down basically every street on earth and takes 360 degree photos to generate Street View for its maps. They've been doing this for around eight years now, recently added a function that lets you see historical Street Views of streets back to when they started.

So this website showcases complete street redesigns by using these historical before and after images from Street View. It has hundreds of locations but here are just a few examples to demonstrate some of the ways you can redesign a street to be more inclusive.

Fort Street, Auckland, New Zealand
Fort Street, Auckland, New Zealand

On this street they replaced the pavement with brick slabs and replaced the curbside parking with trees, planters and public seating. The restaurants abutting the street now have more room to serve their customers in a beautiful outdoor setting.

Hindley Street, Adelaide, Australia
Hindley Street, Adelaide, Australia

This street added a wide ladder crossing and wide, multi-use sidewalks, physically protected from the street by a row of trees and plants. The greenery sends a psychological signal to drivers to slow down.

Plaza de la Merced, Milaga, Spain
Plaza de la Merced, Milaga, Spain

We think about European plazas as these lovely pedestrian-friendly spaces bequeathed from the city's long history, but this plaza was ringed by a multi-lane road just a few years ago. Look at how much nicer the restaurant patio is, now that it's not budged up next to traffic. This could be Gore Park.

Franklin Street and West Broadway, New York City
Franklin Street and West Broadway, New York City

The pedestrianization of Times Square gets all the attention in New York, but in fact they pedestrianized a number of locations around the city. In this spot, they blocked off the street with bollards and paint and added a bike share station. Suddenly it makes sense for the restaurant to have a patio.

45th Avenue, Queens, New York City
45th Avenue, Queens, New York City

And it's not just Manhattan, either. For this street in Queen's, they actually poured a new raised curb and added planters, greenery and seating.

Griffith Park Boulevard, Los Angeles
Griffith Park Boulevard, Los Angeles

Los Angeles is famously one of the most car-oriented cities on earth. If they can turn a street into a pedestrian plaza, any city can.

Vester Voldgade, Copenhagen, Denmark
Vester Voldgade, Copenhagen, Denmark

I love this one. We assume great biking cities just magically happen as a bequeath from the past, but Copenhagen is a cycling paradise because it chooses to be one, over and over again, year after year, on street after street. In 2009, this street had no cycling facilities. Today it has a protected off-street two-way cycle track, wider sidewalks and new street trees.

Havnegade, Copenhagen, Denmark
Havnegade, Copenhagen, Denmark

Here's another one from Copenhagen. In 2009 this was a car-dominated street - two driving lanes and two curb parking lanes - with a low-quality surface next to the waterfront. Now it's got a nice wide sidewalk with a lovely waterfront path, new trees and greenery and bike parking.

While cities like Hamilton seem paralyzed by fear of change, great walkable and bikeable cities refuse to stand still.

Largo Sao Fransisco, Sao Paolo, Brazil
Largo Sao Fransisco, Sao Paolo, Brazil

This urban thoroughfare in Sao Paolo could be Main or King Street. But they decided to tame and reclaim it by adding a protected bike lane, protected bumpouts to shorten the pedestrian crossing distance and a highly visible ladder crossing. This couldn't have cost a lot to design and build: the only barrier is political will.

Avenue Shamrock, Montreal, Canada
Avenue Shamrock, Montreal, Canada

Here's an example from closer to home. Hamilton could look a lot like Montreal if we were more willing to celebrate our streets and treat them with the dignity they deserve.

Rue St Hubert, Montreal, Canada
Rue St Hubert, Montreal, Canada

Here's another one from Montreal. It started out as a three-lane one-way street like so many streets in Hamilton, but look what they did: bumpouts with big planters to squeeze the street down to one lane and curbside parking on both sides to protect the sidewalks. If our one-way streets looked more like this, I wouldn't have such a big problem with them.

Market Street, Toronto
Market Street, Toronto

Finally, an example from just down the QEW. Widen and protect the sidewalk and suddenly you have room for a patio - and voila, a new restaurant opens in what was a boarded-up building.


I really liked the idea of using Street View to show before and after photos of complete streets, so I decided to do the same thing with some locations right here in Hamilton where we have repurposed some lane capacity for more active uses and the sky didn't fall in.

Main Street West
Main Street West

Here's Main Street approaching the Highway 403 crossing. In 2007, it was a white-knuckler to get across the highway on a bike, but we took a lane and added a physically-protected two-way cycle track, with no impact on automobile traffic. The bike connections on either side are poor, but this at least gives us something to build on.

King Street West
King Street West

A block north, King Street also has a protected two-way cycle track across Highway 403, and again there was no impact on automobile traffic. The bike connections are a bit better on King, but there's still room for improvement - especially for eastbound bike traffic.

Cannon Street East
Cannon Street East

Of course, a year ago (has it been a whole year already?) the City officially opened the Cannon Street Cycle Track, a three-kilometre protected two-way cycle track running between Sherman and Hess. Cycling was basically impossible on Cannon before the city built it, but I now see cyclists on the street every time I'm on it.

It took a huge citizen campaign with thousands of supporters to make this happen. I'd love to see the city start building cycling infrastructure like this as a matter of course.

Wison Street East
Wison Street East

Definitely not a complete street, but Wilson was converted to two-way and the earth did not open up to swallow the city. In fact that brown building on the left side got a new paint job!

Wilson Street, Ancaster
Wilson Street, Ancaster

Here's another Wilson Street, this one in Ancaster, and this is a proper complete streets redesign. Wide, protected sidewalks, bike lanes, a green centre median, benches and landscaping have made this a beautiful stretch running into downtown Ancaster.

I wish Ancaster Councillor Lloyd Ferguson was more open to the idea of streetscaping and placemaking like this in other parts of the city.

Hunter Street
Hunter Street

Look how freaking wide that left lane on Hunter was! Adding a two-way bike lane was really a no-brainer, and has had zero impact on traffic. Unfortunately, the City decided for some reason not to provide physical protection so the lane has less use than it would if it felt safer.

Also, the lane still doesn't actually connect to the GO Station, which is easily the biggest traffic generator on the entire route.

South leg of King Street East at Gore Park
South leg of King Street East at Gore Park

Remember when the south leg of King at Gore Park was a bus stop? Now it's a pedestrian plaza and the Downtown BIA has done a great job promoting it as a lovely spot to enjoy a nice lunch.

Caroline Street between Main and Bay
Caroline Street between Main and Bay

The City approved a long list of two-way conversions back in 2001 but has been implementing them at an appallingly glacial pace. We're actually reviewing the Transportation Master Plan again and still haven't gotten through more than a fraction of the changes that were approved almost 15 years ago.

But this section of Caroline Street between Main and King was converted quickly, mainly because a property developer wanted it done.

Locke and Herkimer
Locke and Herkimer

A group of residents living near the intersection of Locke and Herkimer got tired of waiting for the City to take action on this dangerous corner, where large numbers of pedestrians including students going to and from St. Joseph's School mixed with high-speed vehicle traffic roaring through the intersection. So one night, they engaged in some tactical urbanism and screwed pylons onto the street to create guerrilla bumpouts.

Bumpouts serve several useful functions simultaneously:

I talked to the crossing guard a day or so after the pylons were installed and she reported that they made an immediate difference in terms of safety and comfort. At first, the City was furious, but they soon recognized the opportunity to partner with the neighbours and build some goodwill by installing permanent bumpouts.

Like the Yes We Cannon campaign, it was a real accomplishment for civic engagement in a city that too often has a reflex of chewing up engaged citizens and spitting them out.

So What's Next?

The evidence for complete streets is overwhelming. We have countless examples and case studies from all kinds of streets and all kinds of cities around the world and even here at home, showing us that we can make our streets better for everyone without making them worse.

It's time we apply that knowledge and start converting all of our ugly, fast, dangerous thoroughfares into safe, inclusive and complete streets that serve everyone's needs. Here are some examples of streets that need your help:

Main Street West
Main Street West

This is the gateway to downtown, the view people have when they get off Highway 403 on their way into the city. This street is an embarrassment. It's hurting us. We need to stop making excuses for it and start fixing it.

King Street East
King Street East

For years we were told we couldn't do anything to change King Street because LRT might be coming, but that didn't stop the City from resurfacing the street and repainting the lanes exactly the way they were before.

Now that LRT is definitely coming, it's imperative that we redesign King Street (and Main) to be compatible with integrated walking, cycling, transit and urban living so that we maximize the benefits of this historic investment.

Herkimer Street at Durand Park
Herkimer Street at Durand Park

Earlier, I mentioned that Hamilton arterials are engineered for running speeds of 70-100 km/h. This is what that looks like on a minor arterial running next to a public park and children's playground.

In March 2014, the City installed a mobile speed radar here at Durand Park to record speeds. The radar also flashes the speed at the driver as an inducement to slow down, so if anything it likely understates normal driving speeds when there isn't a flashing sign.

Following is a table of the top speeds recorded each day the radar was in operation and the times they were recorded:

Maximum Recorded Speeds
Date Highest Speed Time
Mar 25 80 11:00 PM
Mar 26 80 6:00 PM and 11:00 PM
Mar 27 80 8:00 AM
Mar 28 80 11:00 PM
Mar 29 80 2:00 AM, 6:00 AM and 10:00 PM
Mar 30 90 3:00 PM
Mar 31 80 8:00 AM
Apr 01 80 9:00 AM

Look at those times: 8:00 AM on March 27, 3:00 PM on March 30, 8:00 AM on March 31 and 9:00 AM on April1. Cars are driving past this park at highway speeds - 80 and 90 km/h - while children are walking to and from school and the park.

Again, what happens when we design streets for highway speeds is that people drive at highway speeds.

Queen Street South
Queen Street South

I have yet to receive a sensible explanation from anyone as to why Queen Street needs to be three one-way lanes. I'm often told that it's a route for people to get up to the Beckett Drive escarpment access and the West Mountain, but Beckett Drive is one lane in each direction and manages to carry over 20,000 cars a day.

Meanwhile, Queen has been the site of some horrific pedestrian collisions in recent years. Until I see clear evidence to the contrary, I'm going to assume that getting home a couple of minutes faster is worth more than the lives of people trying to cross Queen Street.

Cootes Drive
Cootes Drive

This is literally a couple of blocks from downtown Dundas, where the five-lane Cootes Drive highway turns into King Street West, an urban commercial street with one lane in each direction and curbside parking.

Hess Street between York and Cannon
Hess Street between York and Cannon

The one-way northbound Hess Street is so unnecessarily wide at York Boulevard that the City simply hashed out an entire lane. We would literally rather waste a lane than use it to add a southbound cycling connection from the end of the Cannon Cycle Track into Strathcona neighbourhood. That is utterly incomprehensible to me.

Cannon west of Lottridge
Cannon west of Lottridge

The Cannon Cycle Track ends at Sherman Avenue. East of Sherman, instead of extending any kind of cycling infrastructure, the City decided instead to make the entire right eastbound lane into a dedicated right-turn lane. This is a street that gets a paltry 9,000 cars a day.

What an incredible waste of expensive-to-maintain asphalt and missed opportunity to improve the connectivity of the Cannon Cycle Track.

We Make the Rules

Hamilton is riddled with overbuilt multilane thoroughfares that carry only a fraction of the automobile traffic they were designed to carry. The good news is that we have a tremendous opportunity to repurpose all that surplus lane capacity to build a truly high-quality, connected, integrated active transportation network in Hamilton.

All we need is enough civic engagement and political will to make it happen. The only thing holding us back is fear of change.

A final note about our street: ultimately a street is nothing more than publicly owned space.

The City of Bogota, Colombia has had a rough time of it. Wracked by violence, deep poverty and the legacy of the drug war, the city was also mired in traffic congestion on a road network that excluded residents who couldn't afford to drive.

Starting in the late 1990s, the municipal government made the courageous choice to carve out almost 100 km of roadway to build a network of dedicated bus rapid transit lanes. That system now carries over 2 million passengers a day.

There are 144 BRT stations and the lines are fed by local buses as well as an extensive, 300 km network of bicycle paths, which was built at the same time. Cycling has quintupled to 400,000 rides a day since the city started building its network.

But Bogota also does something else really exciting: on Sundays and holidays between 7:00 AM and 2:00 PM, the City closes a 120 km network of main streets to vehicle traffic for Ciclovia: a celebration of open streets.

Basically, the city transforms its street network into a huge public park - a linear, connected web of public parkland for walking, jogging, cycling, rollerskating, soccer, yoga, aerobics, live music, hanging out and more. On a normal week, 2 million people take advantage of the chance to enjoy their public space.

Our streets are our collective property, our shared public resource. Ultimately, we can choose to do what we want with them - the only rules are the ones we choose to make.

Now let's go out and start creating our city!

Strong: thanks to Renew Hamilton for posting an audio recording of this talk.

Ryan McGreal, the editor of Raise the Hammer, lives in Hamilton with his family and works as a programmer, writer and consultant. Ryan volunteers with Hamilton Light Rail, a citizen group dedicated to bringing light rail transit to Hamilton. Ryan wrote a city affairs column in Hamilton Magazine, and several of his articles have been published in the Hamilton Spectator. His articles have also been published in The Walrus, HuffPost and Behind the Numbers. He maintains a personal website, has been known to share passing thoughts on Twitter and Facebook, and posts the occasional cat photo on Instagram.


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By JasonL (registered) | Posted October 02, 2015 at 11:30:46

Absolutely fantastic job Ryan. I'm glad you called out Clr Ferguson for desiring such a fabulous complete street in his ward, yet actively opposing and voting against even modest street improvements elsewhere in the city.

Those before and afters are great to look at. And like cities all over the world are now proving, it doesn't take long once you have vision and leadership.

Your recent Paris piece is another example. We already have Montreal in our own backyard, and now recently Toronto is making big strides, quickly. Hamilton is sitting here with vastly overbuilt streets and none of the congestion problems of those bigger cities, yet we're barely making a dent with non-auto oriented city building measures.

Comment edited by JasonL on 2015-10-02 11:31:12

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted October 02, 2015 at 11:42:17

This is EXACTLY what happened to James Street North.

(More an "inclusive street" now than a Complete Street, but very close)

If Google Street View existed over a 30 year time period, we'd see equally dramatic view changes for James Street North.

Back in the depressed days -- James Street was a wide 1-way artery with cars racing almost twice as fast as today, many crumbling buildings, consecutive sections of boarded-up storefronts (worse than some sections of Barton today!!), with "Detroit" and "Armpit of Canada" connotations. And made worse from the difficulties after the 1991 recession, the Steel cuts, the Eaton Centre bankruptcy, it was extremely bad. Very bad.

Now look at James St N today.
Night and day, just like many of the versus photos (predates Google Street View). Our own example!

And Supercrawl became one of the Top 100 events for Ontario!

Many residents were also very mad about James St. Strongly against the James St revitalization. It took time. Now many residents have warmed up to it, and are more proud of the area. Of those people formerly anti James 2-way, most sheepishly agree that they're now glad it happened.

I feel the same thing can happen to several sections of Main and King Streets within 10 years of LRT opening (i.e. 20 years from now: Our kids). LRT alone cannot do it alone by itself. But LRT concurrent with many initiatives enabled/encouraged/forced by the LRT, it can be a genesis to a major revitalization for the area. An LRT on King and a Main 2-way with vibrant businesses, mixed income developments, reopened businesses, residents spending more time on the streets and spending money on our local businesses. Even Barton will benefit too, as it spreads west of James and northwards of Main-King.

Even the car-owner in myself has to concede & point out -- as I do have Mountain friends too -- there are now many crosstown routes in Hamilton, and we also have RHVP/LINC (with enough median room to permit 6 lanes without widening the freeway, during a future safety upgrade). When these bypass freeways was finally fully linked less than 10 years ago, Main-King traffic fell significantly. Obviously, not everyone takes RHVP/LINC to go from Stoney Creek to Dundas area, but enough of them did. Understandably, Main-King traffic is climbing back up, but traffic modelling provides solutions that prevent chaos.

I understand this opinion is not shared by everyone -- not all pro-LRT people (even in the LRT advocacy, some of us residents disagree, even if we're otherwise united behind the LRT). It takes many years.

We have to keep an open mind.

Comment edited by mdrejhon on 2015-10-02 11:58:24

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By Pxtl (registered) - website | Posted October 02, 2015 at 12:11:22

Excellent article, I love seeing the contrast and the progress we've got here in Hamilton.

That said, I've been having second thoughts about the MacNab transit terminal and the South Leg pedestrianization ever since the bus lane mess - when LRT takes away two lanes off King downtown leaves almost every bus in the system is stopping on one of the remaining two lanes, having mountain buses go along King from John to Macnab seems like a bad approach. Even with a possible two-way Main, Macnab dead-ends at King, buses going in/out of MacNab will need a place to go on King. Obviously if the city can find some routing that gets buses into the MacNab terminal without them all cramming into King for several blocks, that would be great and I'll happily eat my words.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted October 02, 2015 at 12:32:27 in reply to Comment 114031

I want to modify the high-order pedestrian path idea to consider a Gore Park LRT Station.

Removing sections of the Gore Park fence (blocking it from King St), and allowing people to disembark/board directly at Gore Park, will make the Gore Park area far more vibrant, with more pedestrians going in all directions. True to the "Complete Streets" theme, though, I also prefer to call it "inclusive street" or "inclusive area".

The removal of several sections of the Gore Park fence would make the area more people friendly, with people being able to go in all directions more easily. The park is looking much better nowadays, with its recent renovations & the brand new war memorial (with full color history all the way to 2014 Nathan Cirillo R.I.P.) is making it a far more fun area to visit, and less seedy now.

Let's make a corner of Gore Park as an LRT stop.

  • People can more easily access North, South, East, West.
  • Easier transfer to A-Line LRT
  • Easily easily walk down Hughson Street to Hunter GO.
  • Easily access new condos in the area. (better resident targetting)
  • More vibrant Gore Park area.
  • Amplifies the increasing popularity of Gore Park from recent park revitalization

No removal of trees is needed, just fence removal and about a 3-feet wide platform where the fence used to be.

MacNab can stay, for buses. We will still have express buses to bring people downtown, even when the LRT comes. But the LRT station should be at Gore Park, with a higher-order (shelter-covered) pedestrian pathway between Gore Park and MacNab bus station.

As part of higher-order pedestrian weather protection, a nice beautiful arch over James St between Gore Park and the sidewalk to MacNab. A great landmark of James St N entrance.

We can eventually have a complete high-order pedestrian path loop between Macnab Terminal and Gore Park LRT station (corner of King & James), between Gore Park and Hunter GO, and between Hunter GO and MacNab Terminal. This also makes City Hall access easier.

This also includes a beautiful "James Street North" archway as a weather cover when crossing King street walking between LRT stop & MacNab. We need a fancy monument archway to James Street North within 10 years (fundraising and budget permitting) -- and THIS IS IT -- doubling as the cover part of the high-order pedestrian pathway between MacNab Terminal and Gore Park LRT station.

Also, Hughson is a far shorter pedestrian route to the GO station than MacNab. Not all of us will walk from the MacNab bus terminal.

Comment edited by mdrejhon on 2015-10-02 12:48:31

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By herkimer (anonymous) | Posted October 02, 2015 at 12:21:03

these pics make it apparent that even our before pics are worse than the before pics in the places that have been calmed. Our sidewalks are the narrowest and even so we put utility poles right in the middle of the sidewalks in a number of spots! Herkimer is a cruel joke on pedestrians from Queen all the way to the hospital.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted October 02, 2015 at 12:23:06

"Cycling has quintupled to 400,000 rides a day since the city started building its network."

I agree.

Cycling is still sometimes quiet Hamilton but there has been a dramatic increase in bikes on the roads nowadays when really pay attention. I took citizen curbside & dashcam video surveys on Cannon Street.

As a car driver myself, when viewing it from this perspective, there doesn't seem to be many bikes. But when I look closely, bike use has definitely increased from the ultra-rare-microscopic ("never see bikes") into visibility ("I see a few bikes"). And when I ride my bike (or use SoBi) I notice more bikes than if I was driving my car.

By car, I can rocket Cannon downtown in 3 minutes and only see 6 bikes as I flow along. But when I video curbside, there's more. And I hop onto my bike, I notice even more, e.g. 30-40 bikes because I see them turn on-and-off Cannon at different blocks (going for shorter sections), as bikes don't always ride the whole length of Cannon.

Cannon is 4 lanes wide, so 1 lane for bikes (2-way) means it's fair to have 1 bike for every 3 cars on Cannon. We're not always at that level, but the graph slope of bike increase makes this inevitable, once the bike lanes are more connected.

And the cars often goes in platoon surges (of 10 cars) with often 1 full minute of quietness between platoons (because of synchronized traffic lights). If you're driving in a platoon, it feels deceptively busy, but there's a whole big gap of emptiness behind your platoon of cars.

I've made almost 10 different citizen videos that shows the Cannon bikes lanes are justified. Here's an example Cannon Dashcam Traffic Survey and a Cannon Curbside Video Traffic Survey

Also, separately, there were times where bikes outnumbered cars on Cannon. This does not happen as often as it does in certain parts of Toronto during bike peak (e.g. certain parts of College, certain parts of Adelaide).

Comment edited by mdrejhon on 2015-10-02 12:41:07

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By matthewsweet (registered) | Posted October 05, 2015 at 22:12:05 in reply to Comment 114033

By car, I can rocket Cannon downtown in 3 minutes and only see 6 bikes as I flow along. But when I video curbside, there's more. And I hop onto my bike, I notice even more, e.g. 30-40 bikes because I see them turn on-and-off Cannon at different blocks (going for shorter sections), as bikes don't always ride the whole length of Cannon.

THIS. Not to get too hyperbolic, but the vast majority of auto traffic on Cannon is using it as an expressway through these neighbourhoods, while the people who actually live there use the bike lanes within the neighbourhoods.

Ah, how anti-thetical cycling is to the status quo. Short distance trip making is nonsense to the car culture.

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By JasonL (registered) | Posted October 03, 2015 at 16:01:52

Anyone wondering how Hamilton has remained frozen in time for so long should take about 30 minutes and read the following twitter chat that starts here:


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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted October 03, 2015 at 16:38:12 in reply to Comment 114045

Actually, that's more promising. It was much harder 20 years ago.

The Main 1-way versus 2-way will be a huge change for Hamilton, and a question that will be one of the biggest major topics locally. That said, the LRT is able to proceed regardless of the outcome of this debate -- but ideally a Main 2-way should happen before the construction of this segment.

Also, construction will be rolling in different sections, so in theory, the 1-way section of King might not get track installation till a couple years into construction -- theoretically buying time until ~2021 before we must make Main 2-way as a construction detour. That's almost a full generation after the first LRT brainstorming, back when James Street 2-way was almost still a pipe dream!

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By stefancaunter (registered) - website | Posted October 05, 2015 at 11:36:49

The broken Ontario municipal system, that pits areas against each other in a "Municipal Government" means that cities (Hamilton, Toronto, London, any central core) do not control their space.

These core downtown areas are controlled by artificially constructed "councils", composed of disparate representatives from surrounding suburban and rural areas. There is no local representation. It is a disenfranchisement of urban people, who should be controlling their space.

In Ontario, it does not matter how well this kind of thing is presented. Your arguments are sound, but you present them to deaf ears. The outer areas will always out-vote the inner areas.

This is how Ontario thinks municipalities should work.

Outer lying areas want cars, because they know about nothing else. They do not have bicycles, and do not walk anywhere. They drive.

Yes, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Paris, and Berlin all changed. That is because there was political will and real local representation. It's not because they are better or smarter. It's because they have functioning municipalities. The Paris suburbs have no say in the governing of the main city. Only representatives of the actual physical city have a say.

Look at Hamilton. Look at Toronto. No representatives of the actual physical cities can do anything without seeking leave from representatives far outside the actual urban centre. It's absurd, and gives us the situation today.

Until cities in Ontario are controlled by their local populations, who actually live in them, it is going to be very difficult to reverse automotive domination. Every municipal council in Ontario is controlled by non-core rural and suburban constituencies.

You want urban change? You need urban government. That has not existed in Ontario for twenty years, and likely will not for another twenty, until the young people get annoyed enough to do something about it.

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