Special Report: Light Rail

Light Rail Alignment Renderings

Renderings of the proposed LRT alignment were presented at yesterday's Sub-Committee meeting.

By Ryan McGreal
Published May 03, 2016

Last Wednesday, the preliminary light rail transit alignment report was published on the City of Hamilton website. At yesterday's LRT Sub-Committee meeting, City LRT Director Paul Johnson delivered a presentation [PDF] with renderings of the LRT line at various points.

On the west end, the line will start at McMaster University at the corner of Main Street West and Cootes Drive:

LRT alignment rendering at McMaster University
LRT alignment rendering at McMaster University

The line will proceed in both directions on dedicated lanes in the centre of Main Street West until just past Macklin Street South, where it will cross Highway 403 on a dedicated bridge that crosses diagonally and connects to King Street West at Cathedral Park.

From there, it will proceed in the centre lanes of King Street West, with one motor vehicle lane in each direction on the curb lanes. There will be two exceptions: between Queen and Hess, there will only be one lane westbound; and between John and Wellington, there will be only one lane eastbound.

LRT alignment at Gore Park
LRT alignment at Gore Park

LRT alginment at King and Walnut
LRT alginment at King and Walnut

East of downtown, the line will run in the centre lanes out to the Delta, at which point it switches back to Main out to the Queenston Traffic Circle. There, a terminal will provide transfers to an express bus service out to Eastgate Square. (The LRT is proposed to be extended to Eastgate in a second phase of construction.)

LRT alignment at Scott Park
LRT alignment at Scott Park

In addition, a north-south spur line will run in both directions on James Street North from King Street to the West Harbour GO Station and, if funds allow, all the way to Guise Street and the Waterfront.

LRT alignment at James North and Cannon
LRT alignment at James North and Cannon

Unlike the east-west line, the north-south line will run in mixed traffic.

The system is being designed in cooperation between the City and Metrolinx, with the Province responsible for produrement, funding, construction and operation of the line.

LRT Community Connectors

The City will be hiring 12 "LRT Community Connectors" to visit every property in the LRT corridor that will be affected by the project and meeting with the owners/occupants to make a personal connection, explain the LRT plan and direct any technical questions to the appropriate LRT Project employee.

Print ad for the LRT Community Connector position
Print ad for the LRT Community Connector position

According to Kelly Anderson, LRT Communications and Engagement Manager for the City, they are looking for applicants who have excellent communications and service skills, the ability to manage conflict, and computer skills to input contact information into a city database. Ability to speak multiple languages is an asset.

There will be 12 positions available for around eight weeks, and the job pays $15 an hour. Interested applicants are advised to email David.Darbyshire@hamilton.ca by Wednesday, May 4. The timeline is short but the City hopes to begin outreach in late May or early June.

Ryan McGreal, the editor of Raise the Hammer, lives in Hamilton with his family and works as a programmer, writer and consultant. Ryan volunteers with Hamilton Light Rail, a citizen group dedicated to bringing light rail transit to Hamilton. Ryan writes a city affairs column in Hamilton Magazine, and several of his articles have been published in the Hamilton Spectator. He also maintains a personal website, has been known to share passing thoughts on Twitter and Facebook, and posts the occasional cat photo on Instagram.


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By Haveacow (registered) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 08:24:47

I know I am nit picking here but, couldn't they get the LRV's right! Are they actually going to be green and what's the deal with the 60's and 70's era European streetcar body design with a kind of 1990's LRV front and back end?

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By Core-B (registered) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 12:57:26 in reply to Comment 118123

During the presentation, Paul Johnston made it perfectly clear that these are not what the LRV cars will look like. That decision hasn't yet been made.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:01:18 in reply to Comment 118158

Defacto, they are Bombardier Flexity Freedoms -- reversible double ended LRVs with doors on both sides.

I know Paul Johnson probably referred to the paint job, but the model is worth noting here. Given the Bombardier delays and the fact we're building a standardized 4'8½ gauge -- we do have the flexibility of choosing any common LRV, of similar length. This is flexibility that Hamilton has, that Toronto's TTC does not.

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By Haveacow (registered) | Posted May 04, 2016 at 09:43:33 in reply to Comment 118161

Actually gauge is the easiest thing to change in modern LRV's especially if your non standard gauge is larger than standard or "Stevenson Gauge". All you have to do is insert a spacer that increases the distance between the flanges (wheels) and the body of the Truck or Bogie its really very easy. There are lots suppliers of Toronto, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia and Pittsburgh), and Boston Kits out there. All these transit operations have significant subway and or LRV operations with non standard gauge. In most cases there is no axel going all the way through the truck or bogie with modern low floor LRV's which allows significant storage space, in some cases like with the standard Russian Gauge of 1581 mm, it actually makes construction easier because there is a much more significant amount of space to add equipment.

In the case of all LRV's that been sold in North America until Toronto and Ottawa started their contracts, the design has been the standard 70% low floor LRV. The 70% low floor LRV has no low floor over the trucks but a raised platform, which normally has a interior ramp structure leading to it from the low floor sections of the vehicle. Toronto's Streetcars have had their production issues because the workers at both of Bombardier's North American LRV production sites, the Thunder Bay Assembly Plant and the Mexican Parts Fabrication Plant in Mexico have never built parts for or assembled a 100% Low Floor LRV before. The 100% Low Floor LRV is very common in Europe and Bombardier's European production facilities but not in North America. Unfortunately, it is the much more exacting design and production standards needed to build the 100% Low Floor LRV that is the problem. Our Bombardier workers have never done it before. Its like switching from building Business Jets and Commuter Aircraft to International medium-ranged Jet Airliners. They both fly but one is a lot more difficult, complicated and expensive to build as well as the reason so few companies around the world still make them. Bombardier even told both local and provincial politicians and managers at the TTC back in 2008 that, they would have preferred that Toronto's Streetcars be built in Europe to avoid this problem. Unfortunately, you can't tell people and politicians that, "sorry, your local workers just aren't good enough and need to be retrained before they build these types of LRV's in Ontario". No politician or TTC manager is going to admit to the press that we warned years ago that this would happen by Bombardier. The increased production that Bombardier is promising I bet, will be done via a European plant building key parts of the Toronto Streetcars and extra assembly work done in Ontario.

Toronto's Streetcars also have production complications because it is the only 30+ metre long, 100% low floor LRV in the world that is not limited to 25 metre radius turns at commercial speeds. Toronto Streetcars must negotiate 10.5-11 metre radius curves at or near commercial speeds. This has greatly complicated design factors. This particular design requirement was the reason Siemens Transportation North America, did not bid on the Toronto project, even when it was put up twice, for bidders. Most LRV companies do not want to go below the 25 metre turning radius requirement.

This by the way, was the real reason Siemens Transportation North America's CEO and CFO were fired, by the Siemens International Chairman back in 2008. They blew off the 204 LRV order for Toronto streetcars plus the options on possibly 300 more standard LRV's ordered for Ontario LRT lines, because they didn't want to alter existing production facilities to fit design changes needed so the Toronto Streetcars could make the tight turns at or near commercial speeds. Siemens had just completely finished a seriously needed corporate restructuring that saved the company from death. Many side businesses were sold off and other company product divisions simply disappeared. Also, the Transportation part of the company had lost a lot of LRV market share in Europe because of many design faults in the European standard Combino Class LRV. It was reported that the Chairman of Siemens International was so ticked off at his junior CEO and CFO in North America he responded that, for 204 LRV's and possibly hundreds more for other operations in Canada, all in the core territory of one of his biggest transportation competitors Bombardier, he would build them a whole F*ing factory.

Ottawa's LRV's also 100% Low Floor, had the floors and Trucks built in Europe at one of the Alstom LRV plants in France, then had exterior body and interior sections added at the their Platsburgh New York facility. Final vehicle assembly of the 48 metre long, 4 section Alstom Citadis Spirit LRV's are being done at Belfast Yards in Ottawa, right now as we speak!

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 13:12:30 in reply to Comment 118158

I thought it was long-settled that they'll be Bombardier Flexity Freedom vehicles:

Bombardier Flexity Freedom LRV in front of Hamilton City Hall

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 08:55:42

Since my question was ignored in the last LRT post, I'll ask again:
Won't B-Line Phase 2 construction along Queenston Rd hurt ridership since it will significantly slow that 'express' bus between QTC and Eastgate Square?

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:15:29 in reply to Comment 118124

I don't think it's currently possible to answer a question about a proposed future expansion that hasn't even been planned yet.

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:23:13 in reply to Comment 118125

Oh it's planned. It's on Metrolinx's map as 'phase 2 development' (the blue line that extends east from the QTC).

So are you all ignoring the question because it is indeed going to hurt B-Line ridership?

There's no alternate route for that express connector bus to take once Queenston Rd is ripped up.
And let's face it, Eastgate Square is super important to ridership! Especially getting those people from Lower and Upper Stoney Creek to said terminal in order to get them into the city rapidly.

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:43:53 in reply to Comment 118126

The Province has indicated that it regards LRT extension to Eastgate Square as the second phase of LRT construction in Hamilton, but no design work has been done yet (aside from the work that was done as part of the original Rapid Ready report).

I don't think anyone would argue that the decision to stop LRT at Queenston Traffic Circle is ideal from an operational perspective, but policy decisions happen in a political context, and the context in Hamilton includes the following conditions:

  • The Province wants LRT to connect to regional express rail (RER); and
  • The Councillor for Ward 5 is adamantly opposed to LRT and this Government is generally very careful not to impose its will against local political interests.

Of course it would be better to build it all the way to Eastgate in the first phase, but that is not going to happen. However, we need to recognize that LRT is a long-term investment in city building, and we'll get there eventually.

It seems reasonable to assume that there will be some disruption to express bus service during construction, but that will be true regardless of when construction happens - whether staged as part of phase 1 or staged as part of phase 2.

Comment edited by administrator Ryan on 2016-05-03 09:45:31

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:47:49 in reply to Comment 118129

So the short answer is "Yes, ending B-Line LRT at QTC is a mistake and will hurt ridership growth"


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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:49:21 in reply to Comment 118130

No, you are totally misrepresenting what I wrote. Ending B-Line at QTC is a political compromise that creates a workable plan we can actually implement and start reaping the benefits of this transformative LRT investment.

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:53:55 in reply to Comment 118131

Creating a transfer point on an express route that doesn't currently have a transfer point will not attract new full time riders.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:06:03 in reply to Comment 118132

Let's consider extensions can be fairly punctual -- within a few years.

Ottawa and Kitchener-Waterloo is actually planning/funding a quick extension of their LRT, while Phase 1 is still under construction.


So this discussion may eventually be moot, depending on how Stoney Creek feels. There are people in Cambridge formerly against the LRT, who are also warming up to the LRT and now wanting it to be extended already to Cambridge.

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By Ryan (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 10:16:53 in reply to Comment 118132

Investing in a new higher-order express service along 11 km will certainly attract many new riders to an already-busy transit route. Again, no one denies that the situation is not ideal for people east of QTC, but that has a lot to do with the local councillor, who claims his ward "dodged a bullet" by not being part of Phase 1.

I fully expect that popular local support for extending the line further east will grow rapidly once the McMaster-to-Queenston line is running and people can see/experience it firsthand. Again, policy decisions don't happen in a vacuum, and strict operational considerations must be balanced with economic, political and other factors. The saying, "The perfect is the enemy of the good" is often trite, but it fits perfectly here.

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By kevlahan (registered) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:43:35 in reply to Comment 118126

By not planned, I think Ryan means that the details of the alignment have not been finalized, the street modifications during and after construction have not been decided (the traffic modelling has not been done), and the temporary re-routing of buses has not been decided.

Also, ridership patterns will change after the first phase of LRT has been finished and running.

It is pretty hard to know the impact on ridership until these data and information are known/decided. Once these things are known we'll have a better idea of the impact on ridership.

In any case, we are talking about an event over ten years in the future (at best). There is still not even an approximate date for the design and EA for the extension, let alone construction. It is just a line on the map right now. There will also be a lot of development along the line which will change ridership patterns.

I don't understand how you can be so certain it will have a significant impact on ridership. And it is premature to be worrying about this now when so many factors remain unknown.

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 09:29:03 in reply to Comment 118126

Listen I'm not trying to be difficult, I'm just trying to figure it if there is any way we can still convince the Province and Metrolinx to extend the B-Line (as planned since 2007) to Eastage Square since everyone knows that terminating the line in a arbitrary location (chosen by funds over logic) with no direct connections, and little-to-no ability to reach suburbanites is 100% going to negatively affect ridership and success of the project -- which will eventually lead to scaled-down transit projects for rest of BLAST.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:08:35 in reply to Comment 118127

Boourns, there's nothing stopping 2018 or 2022 from funding the Eastgate extension or other extension -- such as a short southwards A-Line extension up the Mountain to Mohawk/StJoe)

Ottawa is doing the same, funding Phase 2 while the original LRT is still under construction. Hamilton can begin construction already without knowing whether or not we'll go to Eastgate, or deeper into Dundas, or south into the Mountain, etc. Those can be add-ons in fairly short order, as has been shown by other cities.

Comment edited by mdrejhon on 2016-05-03 15:11:47

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By Suburbanite (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:07:23 in reply to Comment 118127

As someone who lives in the East end as well, I share Boourns concerns. As we know, we don't have a congestion problem so if our business model is counting on the riders who begin their trip at Eastgate to switch over to the LRT at the Queenston traffic circle, we may be setting ourselves up for less successful project than what this can be. It may be difficult to convince current users to purchase a monthly bus pass as well as a presto pass just to save a few minutes per day on their commute downtown. Presumably a fulsome discussion on the B-line extension cost versus the A-line has already occurred that we're not aware of? Politics aside, the initial uptake from current users of the whole B-line should be a priority

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By Haveacow (registered) | Posted May 04, 2016 at 18:36:12 in reply to Comment 118163

@Bysuburbanite are you on drugs, I was on the O-Train this morning and used my pass and have been for the last 15 years . I have been using it on the train since it opened in 2001! I think you might be confused because for many years it had a slightly reduced cash fare compared to the buses here in Ottawa. This was because there was no way to use tickets that the buses used. Due to the fact that there was no fare box to put tickets in and your cash fare was put in a machine that printed a transfer for you as proof of payment. The point is pretty much settled since the cash fare is now the same as buses due to the adoption of the Presto System here in Ottawa . The fare inspector just scans your Presto Card when there is one.

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By mdrejhon (registered) - website | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:11:26 in reply to Comment 118163

I specifically heard you will only need one fare for travellers on B-Line regardless, no charge to transfer at the Circle. Presumably it might be a pass built into Presto. Some municipalities are discontinuing separate passes and making it built into Presto instead. It's my expectation that the LRT will be fare-integrated with the HSR in one form or another. Far-away bus connectors might be in a different bus zone, as already today, but there would be an Eastgate B-Line bus with a free transfer to LRT.

Consider the LRT will be extremely frequent, I specifically heard 4-minute to 6-minute frequency. So the transfer will fortunately be brief.

Details not necessarily final but that's what I heard in presentations by the city/Metrolinx.

Hamilton can begin building B-Line LRT now and fund Phase 2 fairly quickly in a favourable 2018 or 2022 income, if Stoney Creek changes their mind and generally decide they want the LRT. Much like how voting changed in other cities. Ottawa is doing the same, funding Phase 2 while the original LRT is still under construction.

Comment edited by mdrejhon on 2016-05-03 15:16:52

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By Suburbanite (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:21:29 in reply to Comment 118165

Not sure how that is possible? Not all users of the B-line initiate their trip from the B-line. Other routes feed into it (via HSR bus pass) and transfer at Eastgate. And since HSR bus pass goes to city and Presto will go to Metrolinx, switching for free doesn't seem plausible. I took a look at Ottawa, and they have separate fares - a bus pass doesn't get you on their LRT.
I love Seniors, but I also don't think a $23 a month Seniors Bus pass should get you a ride on the LRT

Comment edited by Suburbanite on 2016-05-03 15:26:38

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 18:44:11 in reply to Comment 118166

There aren't many HSR full north-south routes currently which feed directly into the B-Line route (does the 12-Wentworth even exist?). I haven't heard of any official plans to change the local routes to do so either. Seems like a lot of work the HSR isn't willing to talk about.

Stops at Scott Park and QTC actually go against logic with regards to local bus routes feeding the rapid transit line.

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By Suburbanite (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 19:00:07 in reply to Comment 118172

At Eastgate, 5 routes come in from various locations: The 44 comes from the south along Centennial, the 56 comes from the north, plus the 58 Stoney Creek and the 55 Stoney Creek (which converts over to the BLine) as well as the 1 King comes from the east.
Currently, there's a north/south bus along Kenilworth and along Parkdale, but nothing between which is where the Queenston Traffic circle is.

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By Sure Failure (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 15:33:52

Separate fares only ensures failure and no you dont love seniors if you deny them affordable transit

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By Boourns (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 18:32:18 in reply to Comment 118167

Separate fares would be devistating.
That on top of a five-to-ten minute wait to transfer at a cold outdoor QTC terminal.

Stoney Creek residents would be better off jumping on a GORER at Centennial to West Harbour -- one stop, no transfers.

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By Suburbanite (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 17:02:33 in reply to Comment 118167

Low income seniors is quite different than the huge discount we give for someone simply turning age 65. For example, aren't 4 of our elected officials over 65?

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By Sure failure (anonymous) | Posted May 03, 2016 at 17:33:01 in reply to Comment 118169

If they are they have earned the discount

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By mountain66 (registered) | Posted May 05, 2016 at 09:56:18

I know this has probably already been answered but why are they using King Street from the Delta to Macklin? The rest of the route is on Main so why didn't they just stay on Main through this section? It is much wider than King & would have avoided many of the problems going through downtown & the need for a new bridge. Also when I was living in Toronto the street cars had some problems in the winter on bends, staying on Main is straight but going to King will create bends at the Delta and on the west end getting back to Main. Also it would have been closer to the Hunter Street GO. It is also a one block walk to King so walking shouldn't have been a problem.

Comment edited by mountain66 on 2016-05-05 09:57:28

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By kevlahan (registered) | Posted May 05, 2016 at 10:41:09 in reply to Comment 118291

You should ask the rapid transit team, but from the discussion back in 2009-2011 I believe the argument was that keeping LRT on King in that stretch would be better for traffic flow since Main has more lanes. Also, King is currently more pedestrian friendly with more shops etc. But the primary reason was motor vehicle traffic flow.

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